The Internet protocols were designed to be complete ignorant of the information, content, or applications that transferred through them. The content delivered is separate from the information provided. When the Internet was designed there was no World Wide Web, but because of this feature it could be added without restructuring the Internet. Similarly, when YouTube decided it could create a superior video service it just did so, requiring no permission or changes to make different use of the pipes.
In *National Cable v. Brand X*, the Supreme Court got this flat wrong—and in doing so obliterated the age-old neutrality regulation of common carrier. Make it clear, as the Internet Freedom Preservation Act (HR 3458) does, that the telecommunications—IP—of the Internet, is distinct from the applications and services that are provided over it.